Anal Gland Expression
Anal glands or anal sacs are small glands near the anus in many mammals including cats and dogs. They are paired sacs on either side of the anus between the internal and external sphincter muscles. Glands within the lining secrete a liquid. This liquid is used for identification within members of a species.
It is not uncommon for a dog or cat to need their anal glands expressed when the glands are unable to secrete the liquid themselves.
You might notice that your pet needs an anal gland expression if your dog is scooting (rubbing their butt on the carpet, grass, or floor), licking their bottom obsessively, a pungent odor coming from your dog's anus, or a brownish residue left where your dog was sitting.
Anal gland expression is quick and does not require any sedation or anesthesia. We do not recommend that you get your pet's anal glands expressed too often as it may inhibit your pet's ability to express the liquid themselves. On average, dog guardians bring their pet in twice a year, however, some do need it performed more frequently to prevent infection or impaction.